If you've ever gone camping, hiking, backpacking, climbing, mountain biking, trail running, or nearly anything else in the outdoors, chances are you've used a headlamp. While this handy piece of technology requires little introduction (everyone knows the benefit of hands-free illumination), the impressive leaps in headlamp technology over the past few years deserve some recognition. The industry is in the midst of a horsepower war, with one-upmanship seen in maximum light output (rated in lumens) and battery options, and we the users are the happy beneficiaries. Below are our team's favorite headlamps for 2023. For more information, check out our detailed comparison table and buying advice after the picks.

Our Team's Headlamp Picks

Best Overall Headlamp

1. Petzl Actik Core ($70)

Petzl Actik Core headlamp (red)Weight: 3.1 oz.
Max lumens: 600
Batteries: Rechargeable/AAA
What we like: Reliable, long-lasting, and bright.
What we don’t: Front-heavy design is not ideal for running.

Selecting our top pick isn’t always easy, but Petzl’s Actik Core is a no-brainer choice among the headlamp competition. The Actik Core is high on value and performance, with 600 lumens at maximum brightness, a long-lasting and reliable battery with consistent performance across its burn time (some headlamps peter out but the Actik stays bright until the end), and simple operation—all for a reasonable $75. France-based Petzl has been leading the charge with headlamp innovation for years now and their recently retooled Actik Core is case in point.

Throughout years of testing headlamps, we’ve noticed that most designs fall far short of their advertised burn time, often dying right when you need them most. In a sea of disappointment, Petzl’s offerings truly stand out for their reliability and long battery life—on one occasion, our Actik lasted through a six-day backpacking trip, while our BioLite needed several charges. You also get a nice backup with Petzl’s Core technology: If the Actik’s included rechargeable Lithium Ion battery runs out of juice, you can simply replace it with three AAAs. Our one gripe is that the design can be too front-heavy for running (most headlamps of this brightness place their battery pack on the rear), but on the other hand the Actik is impressively streamlined for what you get. For the best all-around headlamp, the Petzl is as good as it gets.
See the Petzl Actik Core


Best Budget Headlamp

2. Black Diamond Astro 300 ($20)

Black Diamond Astro 300 headlampWeight: 2.6 oz.
Max lumens: 300
Batteries: AAA/rechargeable (sold separately)
What we like: Gets the job done for just $20, or $40 with a rechargeable battery.
What we don’t: Not super water resistant and few lighting options.

If you’re on the hunt for a simple headlamp that will come in handy both at camp and around the house, the Black Diamond Astro 300 delivers. For just $20, the Astro puts out a very practical 300 lumens—including dimming and strobe modes—and lasts for four hours on the brightest setting (140 hours on low). What’s more, at 2.6 ounces and with a compact shape, it’s light enough to go practically unnoticed on your head or in a pack, which makes for a great emergency backup too. You can spend a lot of money on a brighter or longer-lasting headlamp, but the Astro is a great value and fully sufficient for most campers, hikers, and backpackers.

The Astro was updated last spring, and the newest version features Black Diamond’s Dual Fuel technology, which gives it the ability to run off of either AAAs or a lithium-ion rechargeable battery (purchased separately for $30). This is a massive improvement over the outgoing version in terms of versatility, and $50 is a competitively low price for a rechargeable headlamp (on the other hand, the rechargeable Astro 300-R is just $40, although it lacks AAA compatibility). Keep in mind that with such a budget device there are inherent downsides in terms of features and durability: The Astro’s IPX4 rating means it won’t survive submersion in water, and you don’t get distance and proximity lighting or a red light mode like we see in BD's more premium lamps. But simplicity is a strong suit for many applications, and it’s hard to beat the Astro’s combination of price and performance. 
See the Black Diamond Astro 300


Best Headlamp for Running

3. BioLite HeadLamp 425 ($60)

BioLite HeadLamp 425Weight: 2.8 oz.
Max lumens: 425
Batteries: Rechargeable
What we like: Streamlined no-bounce design and rear red light.
What we don’t: Middling battery life; on/off switch is difficult to toggle with gloves on.

When it comes to selecting the right headlamp for the job, running poses unique challenges. For such an inherently bouncy activity, you’ll want a lightweight lamp that sits close to your head and doesn’t shift as you move. Our favorite model for this is the recently updated BioLite 425, which integrates the light and the strap into one low-profile unit that sits flush to your forehead. We rarely notice the bulk of the rear battery pack, which also features a battery meter and red light (indispensable for nighttime road running). Finally, the BioLite is fairly simple to operate and quick to recharge via USB-C.

We’ve been running and nordic skiing with the 425 all winter, and while it’s still our go-to choice for daily training (even over the Petzl Actik above), it does have a few shortcomings. The most glaring is battery life: Despite having a listed 4-hour burn time on high, we’ve had our fully charged light go out after just a couple hours (we now keep an extra headlamp in our hip pack in case of emergency). And while the slim profile is fairly ideal, the on/off button can be difficult to toggle with gloves on. If your activities are decently short and you can recharge your headlamp between them, the 425 is an excellent choice. But for more commiting efforts, you’ll absolutely want more battery life (it’s also a good idea to have a replaceable battery, like the Petzl Core). Finally, it’s worth noting BioLite’s minimalist 325: It isn’t as bright or featured as the 425, but it will save you $20 and makes for a great backup or around-the-house headlamp.
See the BioLite HeadLamp 425


Best Bright Headlamp for High-Performance Use 

4. Moonlight Bright As Day 800 (€149)

Moonlight Bright As Day 800 headlampWeight: 8.7 oz.
Max lumens: 800
Battery: Rechargeable
What we like: Reliable and bright headlamp for serious running, skiing, and mountaineering.
What we don’t: Expensive and heavy.

Three hundred to 600 lumens is sufficient brightness for most activities, but if you’re moving quickly or route-finding in the darkness, you don’t want to mess around. Norway-based Moonlight offers some of the most reliable high-performance solutions, backed by the legend himself, Kilian Jornet. Their Bright As Day collection includes five offerings from 800 to 4000 lumens, all of which feature removable batteries that are easy to recharge or swap out (at an aid station, for example) and can be stored in your chest pocket while in use (keeping a battery warm helps preserve its lifespan). Given that battery issues are a primary downside of high-powered headlamps, we really appreciate this design. 

The Bright As Day 800 will get the job done for most (it was Kilian’s choice for running both the Hardrock 100 and UTMB in 2022), but skiers and mountain bikers will likely want to step up to a brighter model. And while these headlamps are undeniably heavy (the 800-lumen version is 8.7 oz.), the ability to extend the battery to your pocket goes a long way. What’s more, each Bright As Day model features a removable light, which can be affixed on a Go-Pro mount or bike handlebar (mounts sold separately). All told, you’d be hard pressed to find a more reliable high-performance headlamp. If you’re running through the night in an ultramarathon, skimo training at your local hill, or rallying on mountain bikes in the darkness, a Moonlight headlamp is worth the investment.
See the Moonlight Bright As Day 800


Best Ultralight Headlamp

5. Nitecore NU25 ($37)

Nitecore NU25 headlampWeight: 1.9 oz. (w/strap)
Max lumens: 360
Batteries: Rechargeable
What we like: Superlight yet still quite bright. 
What we don’t: Not as much tilt as other headlamps.

For minimalists and true ounce-counters, our favorite ultralight headlamp of 2023 is the Nitecore NU25. At just a hair under 1 ounce for the lamp itself (more on the strap below), the Nitecore is surprisingly bright with a 360-lumen max output and rechargeable via micro USB. We’ve also found it incredibly easy to operate (cryptic toggling between modes is a common issue with headlamps), with one button for the white beam and one for red, and the battery seemingly lasts forever. All told, as a high-powered emergency light or for those who want to carry the least possible weight on their back, the NU25 is a bright and relatively cheap option.

Keep in mind that the Nitecore NU25 has four brightness settings: 360, 190, 38, and 1 lumen, respectively. There’s no dimmer, which is a bummer, but certainly something we can get used to. In terms of the strap, the included Nitecore option adds nearly an ounce to the equation at 1.9 ounces total, which is slightly heavier than the BioLite 325 mentioned above. But the Nitecore is the better performer, running for 5 hours on high (190 lumens) compared to the BioLite’s 3 hours. And for true minimalists and thru-hikers, Litesmith makes a shoestring-style headband for the NU25 that clocks in at just .18 ounces (you can also DIY with a piece of shockcord), bringing the whole setup to 1.17 ounces total. For another capable UL option, see Petzl's 1.2-ounce Bindi below.
See the Nitecore NU25


Best of the Rest

6. Black Diamond Spot 400 ($50)

Black Diamond Spot 400 headlampWeight: 2.7 oz.
Max lumens: 400
Batteries: AAA/rechargeable (sold separately)
What we like: Slim profile, weather resistant, and easy to operate.
What we don’t: Disappointing battery life; rechargeable battery must be purchased separately.

The Black Diamond Spot has always been a solid all-around headlamp, but with a recent overhaul, it’s better than ever. The newest Spot comes in two versions—the 400-R with included rechargeable lithium-ion battery, and the 400 here, which uses BD’s Dual Fuel technology to operate with either AAAs or a rechargeable battery (purchased separately). The headlamp features a streamlined profile (much slimmer than the previous version) for minimal bounce, and weight is low at just 2.7 ounces, including batteries. What’s more, the button layout is easy to use (finally), with a large central button that turns the headlamp on and off and a second button to scroll between modes. You also get a full suite of lighting choices, from the long-range LED to a softer proximity LED and red light for use around camp, and an IPX8 waterproof rating means the Spot 400 is reliable no matter the weather.

The Spot 400 is $25 less than the Actik Core if you choose to run it off AAA batteries, but you’ll have to pay an additional $30 for similar rechargeable technology (the 1500 Battery and Charger). At $80 all in, the full-package BD is $5 more than the Petzl, and it’s simply not as good. For one, the need for a charger is unfortunate—it’s just one more item to carry and potentially lose (Petzl eliminates the need for a charger with a micro USB port directly on the battery). In addition, the Spot is not quite as bright as the Actik, with 400 lumens versus 600, and battery life is not up to snuff: On a recent outing, our partner’s Petzl offered illumination throughout the night, while our fully charged BD dimmed to almost nothing. We’ve gotta hand it to Black Diamond for radically improving their headlamp lineup with the latest versions, but they still fall short of Petzl in almost every category.
See the Black Diamond Spot 400


7. Petzl Tikkina Headlamp ($25)

Petzl Tikkina headlamp (green)Weight: 3.2 oz.
Max lumens: 300
Batteries: AAA/rechargeable (sold separately)
What we like: Easy to use and a good price.
What we don’t: Average light quality and no red light option.

For camping trips or use around the house, a simple headlamp like the Petzl Tikkina is a fine choice, featuring 300 lumens of maximum output from a single white LED. The center button is easy to find and operate, and the beam is ample for nighttime cooking and setting up tents in the dark. As with the Actik Core above, the Tikkina is compatible with Petzl’s Core rechargeable battery, although in this case it’s an accessory that is purchased separately (for $30). So if you anticipate wanting the rechargeable battery, we’d opt for the Actik Core: For $20 extra all-in you get 300 more lumens. But for the casual user, the $25 Tikkina hits a nice balance of performance, weight, and price.

The Tikkina goes head to head with our top budget pick, the Astro 300 above. The headlamps are identical in terms of brightness, and they both have IPX4 ratings, and are designed to run on either AAAs or a rechargeable battery (the lithium-ion batteries from both Petzl and BD will cost you an additional $30). Neither model has a red light—which some might want for nighttime reading—but the Astro does have a lockout mode (helpful for preventing accidental battery drain) and is lighter, less bulky, and $5 cheaper. But it’s hard to go wrong with Petzl (we’ve found their headlamps to be very reliable and long-lasting), and the Tikkina is nevertheless a high-quality budget option.
See the Petzl Tikkina Headlamp


8. Fenix HM50R ($61)

Fenix HM50R headlampWeight: 4 oz.
Max lumens: 500
Batteries: Rechargeable
What we like: About as bombproof as it gets.
What we don’t: Battery drains fairly quickly in turbo mode.

For activities like high-altitude mountaineering, alpine climbing, and backcountry rescue, you’ll need a headlamp built to withstand significant abuse, and Fenix’s HM50R fits the bill nicely. This headlamp is rugged with a full aluminum casing, powerful with a 500-lumen max output and beam distance of around 260 feet, and dust- and waterproof with an IP68 rating, which means it can handle being submerged in up to 2 meters of water for 30 minutes. And the rest of the design is equally well-executed, including a single side switch that makes it easy to toggle between settings (the headlamp has four output levels), a reflective headband, and compatibility with cold-resistant CR123A batteries.

Not everyone needs the specialized features or ultra-tough build, but the good news is that the Fenix is reasonably priced for the amount of output and performance you get. Sure, you could step up to a more serious model like Fenix's HL60R, but that will run you an additional $14 and tack on a bulkier design. Finally, keep in mind that with all high-powered headlamps, you’ll want to only use the brightest mode when it counts. The Fenix’s 500-lumen “turbo” mode will drain the battery in only 2.5 hours, while the lower settings range from 10 hours to almost 4 days respectively (and longer with the aforementioned CR123A batteries).
See the Fenix HM50R


9. Black Diamond Sprinter 500 ($80)

Black Diamond Sprinter 500 headlampWeight: 4.9 oz.
Max lumens: 500
Batteries: Rechargeable/AAA
What we like: Oval beam is great for lighting up the trail and taillight offers visibility.
What we don’t: Heavier and pricier than the BioLite 425.

The Black Diamond Sprinter 500 is purpose-built for nighttime runners, with a nicely balanced build, strong and consistent beam for seeing the trail ahead, and red taillight to increase visibility. The most recent model features 500 lumens of light (almost twice as much as previous versions) and comes with Black Diamond’s Dual-Fuel battery system, which gives you the option of using a USB-rechargeable battery or AAAs (the rechargeable unit is included with purchase). Like Petzl’s Core technology, this is our favorite style of power system: You get the convenience of a lithium-ion battery along with the versatility of alkalines, great for long runs and hikes when you don’t want to carry the weight of a battery charger.

The Sprinter’s single LED provides a great balance of distance and proximity lighting, but without a dedicated flood mode or red light option, its function is rather limited for use around camp. Further, compared to our top running pick (the BioLite 425), the BD is twice as heavy, $20 pricier, and less packable for space-conscious athletes (the rear battery/light unit is quite bulky). But there’s undeniable value in the strong oval beam for both running and hiking, and the red taillight has benefits in urban environments. Of note: Black Diamond also makes the 2-ounce Sprint 225 for running, which ditches the top strap and rear battery for a less powerful, streamlined, and more affordable ($50) setup.
See the Black Diamond Sprinter 500


10. Petzl Iko Core ($100)

Petzl Iko Core headlampWeight: 2.8 oz.
Max lumens: 500
Batteries: Rechargeable/AAA
What we like: Trail runners will love the strong light, low weight, and versatile battery design. 
What we don’t: Expensive; somewhat polarizing headband design.

Petzl has been pushing the boundaries on strap designs for years, and one of their latest creations is the unique Iko Core. This minimalist headlamp splits its weight between a battery pack at the rear and a low-profile lamp on the forehead, connected by a semi-rigid strap that tightens with a simple cinch. The design keeps weight in check, and with an impressive 500 lumens of light, the Iko is a standout for trail running. Additionally, you get Petzl’s Core rechargeable battery pack, which can be subbed out for three AAAs to keep you moving through the night during an adventure race or ultramarathon.

The Iko Core is somewhat pricey at $100, and we’ve had a hard time getting used to its rigid strap system (pairing it with a headband or hat helps). But you’ll be hard-pressed to find such a close-fitting headlamp that offers this much light, which is a winning combination for serious trail and mountain athletes (the 500-lumen Sprinter above is a full 2 oz. heavier). Further, the Petzl’s capability for both flood and mixed lighting is a big upgrade compared to the Sprinter’s single spotlight, and it's simple to change out the battery during long efforts with Petzl's Core technology. But with a polarizing design that’s rather impractical for casual use (not to mention uncomfortable for some), the Iko Core is still a rather niche piece. In most cases, we’d stick with a headlamp like the Sprinter or the even more versatile BioLite above.
See the Petzl Iko Core


11. Coast HL7 Focusing ($35)

Coast HL7 Focusing headlampWeight: 4.4 oz.
Max lumens: 305
Batteries: AAA (3)
What we like: Amazing beam and easy adjustments.
What we don’t: Short battery life and bulky rear battery pack.

Oregon-based Coast Products flies a little under the radar compared to Black Diamond or Petzl, but they have a strong lineup of quality headlamps. A shining example is their HL7 Focusing: With a retail price of $40 (on sale at the time of publishing for $35), the HL7 packs a healthy 305 lumens and an easy-to-use focusing ring that works just like a high-powered flashlight, twisting to adjust from flood to spot. Its simple functionality is absolutely painless in use (unlike some of the more confusing headlamps above), and there’s no need to cycle through various modes to swap between proximity and distance. 

So why the mid-pack finish for the Coast HL7 focusing? Its major shortcomings are battery life and weight. For reference, the Coast will last you 70 hours on its lowest setting (4 lumens) compared to the Black Diamond Spot’s 200-hour life at the same output, which is quite a difference. This isn’t great news for a headlamp with AAA batteries—simply put, you’ll be burning through Energizers faster than you can say “bunny.” Further, we find the bulky battery pack at the rear to be rather outdated. But the Coast HL7 offers a great long-range beam (over 400 feet compared to the Spot’s 328), and there’s no arguing with the price. For budget shoppers who don’t want to sacrifice performance, the HL7 is a bright and easy-to-use light for around $35.
See the Coast HL7 Focusing


12. Black Diamond Onsight 375 ($60)

Black Diamond Onsight 375 climbing headlampWeight: 4.8 oz.
Max lumens: 375
Batteries: Rechargeable/AAA
What we like: Purpose-built design for climbing at night.
What we don’t: Heavy and bulky.

If you’ve ever tried to climb at night, you’ll know it’s not easy. The world shrinks down to one square foot in front of you, and finding the way can be a challenge. But a good headlamp can make a night and day difference (no pun intended), and the Black Diamond Onsight 375 is purpose-built for the job. The standout feature here is the two, easy-to-toggle beams: In climbing mode, you get 300 lumens of disbursed light to flood the area in front of you, while route-finder mode offers a 375-lumen long distance beam for scouting the anchors or the route ahead. And operation is refreshingly simple, with one button to turn the lamp on and tap technology on either side to switch between modes.

In addition to the dual-beam design, the rest of the new Onsight 375 is well thought out for climbers’ needs. Like many of Black Diamond’s recent offerings, it comes with a rechargeable battery that can be swapped out for three AAAs, which is a nice option to have when you’re out for numerous days at a time. An IP67 waterproof rating means it’s fully submersible and dust proof (great for durability), and the SOS mode is helpful during an emergency. But at 4.75 ounces the BD is a lot heavier and bulkier than most headlamps here, and despite being climbers ourselves we’re not sure if it’s worth it for the extra features. If you plan to night climb (that was Tommy Caldwell’s strategy on the Dawn Wall, after all), the Onsight 375 is a great niche piece at a reasonable price, but we’ll stick with the lighter options above for emergency use.
See the Black Diamond Onsight 375


13. Petzl Bindi ($45)

Petzl Bindi headlampWeight: 1.2 oz.
Max lumens: 200
Batteries: Rechargeable
What we like: The lightest and most streamlined headlamp on our list.
What we don’t: Lower light output and a little pricier than the Nitecore NU25 above.

Joining Nitecore’s NU25 above, Petzl’s Bindi is another targeted ultralight option for minimalists and ounce-counters. The Bindi is the lightest design on our list at a scant 1.2 ounces (0.7 oz. less than the Nitecore) with a decidedly sleek and streamlined build to match. The thin, cord-like strap helps keep the overall package impressively compact and boasts reflective threading for increasing visibility at night. And like the Nitecore, the Petzl is very easy to use with a single button to toggle between lighting modes (proximity, movement, and distance), a red light for night vision, and two lock functions to prevent it from turning on when stuffed away in a pack. All told, it’s a highly capable UL pick that doesn’t compromise on features.

Diving deeper into the details, the Petzl Bindi has a maximum output of 200 lumens (compared to 360 for the Nitecore NU25), max beam distance of 36 meters (the Nitecore reaches up to 81m), and lasts up to 50 hours on the lowest setting (the NU65 can last up to 160)—all for $8 more. Given the better output and longer run time, the Nitecore is the better choice for committed hikers that need illumination on the trail, but the Bindi is perfectly serviceable for use around camp while backpacking. For another cord-equipped UL option at a lower price, Black Diamond offers the Flare, which is best for emergency, backup use. It maxes out at 40 lumens, clocks in at 1 ounce flat, and is $15 cheaper at $30. However, in addition to the lower max output, the BD also runs on CR2032 (rather than rechargeable) batteries, which may be a deterrent for some.
See the Petzl Bindi


14. Black Diamond Storm 500-R ($75)

Black Diamond Storm 500-R headlampWeight: 3.5 oz.
Max lumens: 500
Batteries: Rechargeable
What we like: Great battery life and brightness in a relatively light and streamlined build. 
What we don’t: Not compatible with AAA; the Spot above is a better all-rounder for most.

Black Diamond’s Storm and Spot (above) dominated the headlamp market for years with well-rounded and reliable designs until recently, the Storm started to feel a little antiquated with its bulky, 4.2-ounce build. But Black Diamond’s recent revamp puts it back on the map for those looking for a boost in brightness over models like the Spot and Actik Core above. With 500 lumens of output that stretches almost 400 feet, you get an impressive amount of light in a small package, along with multiple proximity and distance modes, dimming and strobe functions, and red, green, and blue night-vision. Black Diamond also tacked on a powerful 2400 mAh lithium-ion battery (7 hrs on high and 350 hrs on low) and simplified the Storm’s user interface in the latest update, making it easier than ever to find your desired light.

But aside from the extra 100 lumens, the Storm doesn’t have that much to offer compared to the Spot. Sure, we recommend brighter (or equally bright) lights above, but they all have something else going for them: The Fenix HM50R, for example, is incredibly durable, while the Moonlight Bright As Day 800 is both hardwearing and bright (to the tune of 800 lumens). And then there’s the issue of Black Diamond’s R-series headlamps lacking the versatility of Dual Fuel technology (i.e. you can’t use AAA batteries)—so if you like the idea of the Storm, we recommend purchasing the Storm 450 ($60) instead and tacking on the 1500 battery and charger ($30) to your order, although keep in mind that the 450's battery life (with either AAA or lithium-ion) is a lot less impressive than the Storm 500-R here. In the end, for $25 less and almost a full ounce lighter, we think the Spot 400 above is by far the better value for most.
See the Black Diamond Storm 500-R


Headlamp Comparison Table

Headlamp Price Weight Max Lumens Batteries Max Beam Run Time IP Rating
Petzl Actik Core $75 3 oz. 600 Rechargeable/AAA 115m 2/100 hours IPX4
Black Diamond Astro 300 $20 2.6 oz. 300 AAA/rechargeable 55m 4/140 hours IPX4
BioLite HeadLamp 425 $60 2.8 oz. 425 Rechargeable 85m 4/60 hours IPX4
Moonlight Bright As Day 800 €149 8.7 oz. 800 Rechargeable Unavail. 2/40 hours IP67
Nitecore NU25 $37 1.9 oz. 360 Rechargeable 81m .5/160 hours IPX66
Black Diamond Spot 400 $50 2.7 oz. 400 AAA/rechargeable 100m 2.5/200 hours IPX8
Petzl Tikkina $25 3.2 oz. 300 AAA/rechargeable 65m 2/100 hours IPX4
Fenix HM50R $61 4 oz. 500 Rechargeable 80m 2/128 hours IP68
Black Diamond Sprinter $80 4.9 oz. 500 Rechargeable/AAA 52m 2/28 hours IPX4
Petzl Iko Core $100 2.8 oz. 500 Rechargeable/AAA 100m 2.5/100 hours IPX4
Coast HL7 Focusing $35 4.4 oz. 305 AAA 127m 1.5/70 hours IPX4
Black Diamond Onsight $60 4.8 oz. 375 Rechargeable/AAA 85m 3/100 hours IP67
Petzl Bindi $45 1.2 oz. 200 Rechargeable 36m 2/50 hours IPX4
Black Diamond Storm 500-R $75 3.5 oz. 500 Rechargeable 120m 7/350 hours IPX7


Headlamp Buying Advice

Brightness: How Many Lumens Do You Need?

When buying a headlamp, one of the first questions you might be asking is, “how bright of a light do I need?” Brightness is measured in terms of lumens, and the lamps here have max outputs ranging from 200 (the Petzl Bindi) to 800 (the Moonlight Bright As Day 800). Most headlamps also have dimming capabilities or numerous modes that allow you to choose your level of brightness for any given situation—for example, the Bright As Day has four settings ranging rom 40 lumens to 800.

Holding Black Diamond Spot 400-R headlamp
Black Diamond's Spot-R has 400 lumens in max-power mode

When deciding on the proper number of lumens, it's worth considering that you shouldn't plan on using the light's maximum setting for extended stretches as it will drain the battery quickly, but it's sure helpful to have a strong beam just in case. In general, we’ve found that 100-300 lumens are great for around the house and as a backup for hiking, backpacking, and camping. For a navigational aid in complete darkness, you’ll want to jump into the 300-plus-lumen category. And for extremes like spelunking, climbing at night, or when you’ll be traveling at higher speeds (such as a night trail run or mountain bike ride), plan on starting your search at 600 lumens.

Petzl Actik Core in white pouch (illuminating card game)
Some headlamps convert to a lantern with an included pouch

It's important to note that lumens do not perfectly represent the brightness and quality of a headlamp. What a lumen actually measures is the amount of visible light that these lamps can generate, which doesn't always translate to distance or how well it will illuminate a trail or campsite (for more on this, see "LED Types" below). The good news is that the picks listed above are quality headlamps with advanced optics (and we call out any exceptions), so lumens remain a helpful indicator of how bright your headlamp will be. Just be sure to also take into consideration beam distance, beam type, and brand reputation as opposed to relying solely on the lumen spec.

Headlamp (illuminating dark campsite)
Lumens are the measurement of visible light

LED Types: Spot, Flood, Colored, and Strobe Lights

The average headlamp features a range of lighting modes, including spot, flood, colored, and strobe lights. The default setting for most lamps is their powerful LED spot beam, which focuses the light at a distance rather than casting it wide around you (the max distance these can reach is listed in the "max beam" section of our comparison table). While not necessary in all circumstances, a long-distance beam can be helpful for looking far down a trail, trying to spot an anchor while rappelling, or even for extreme uses like caving. 

Headlamp proximity beam (organzing in backpacking tent)
A proximity beam illuminates the area right in front of you

Not all headlamps have a flood light option, but it’s a great function to have for proximity lighting. Best for around camp or in a tent, flood lights cast a wide beam and maximize the view right in front of you. Some headlamps will have two LEDs, one for spot lighting and one for flood lighting, while others (like the Coast HL7 Focusing) allow you to shape one single LED into a distance beam or an up-close flood. In their specs, most manufacturers will call out a lamp’s beam distance—for example, the BioLite 425 has an 15-meter flood and a 85-meter spot.

Petzl Actik Core headlamp (one light on)
The Petzl Actik Core features both a flood and spot beam

Many mid-range and high-end headlamps also include red (and sometimes blue and green) LEDs. We’ve found these useful for reading or hanging out at night as the soft light doesn’t blind your friends or disturb your tentmates. Another plus is that these lights don’t make your pupils readjust when you turn them on, so they’re great for navigating a dark tent. Those with specific night needs will find that blue and green LEDs have their place (hunters, for example, will use blue for tracking as it allows them to differentiate between green foliage and the red blood of the animal). A number of headlamps also have some sort of emergency strobe function, which simultaneously is very visible and doesn’t eat into your batteries as quickly.

Headlamp (red light)
The red-light function won't disturb your night vision

Battery Types: AAA, Rechargeable, and Others

Most standard LED headlamps are powered by AAA batteries or a rechargeable lithium-ion battery, housed in either the main body of the light or at the back of the strap. USB-rechargeable batteries have become more ubiquitous in the past few years and are our preferred style for their convenience and streamlined size. The main downside with rechargeable batteries is that reviving a dead lamp is not as easy as swapping out AAAs, meaning you’ll need to bring along a power bank or solar panel if you’re in the field for days on end. For all rechargeable options, you do pay a little price premium, but keep in mind that the cost and waste of AAA batteries certainly can add up. In the end, we recommend rechargeable headlamps for most people and uses, but if you’re looking to save money, want a cheap backup, or don’t anticipate using your headlamp often, a AAA model can be a fine way to go.

CORE battery pack on Petzl Iko Core headlamp
Petzl's rechargeable Core can be traded out for 3 AAAs

Some headlamps offer the versatility of both a rechargeable battery and compatibility with AAAs. Petzl was the initial brains behind this technology: Their USB-rechargeable Core battery can be purchased separately ($30) and functions with any of their headlamps that also run off three AAA batteries. In the spring of 2022, Black Diamond released a similar design (they call it Duel Fuel technology) with four of their models, including the Storm, Spot, Astro, and Cosmo. These headlamps come with AAA batteries, but are compatible with BD's 1500 lithium-ion battery (purchased separately for $20, or $30 with the charger). Our main gripe with BD's design is that the battery must be charged on the included charging dock, whereas Petzl's Core eliminates the need for extra equipment with a micro-USB port right on the battery. Both are great options for those wanting the benefits of a rechargeable headlamp alongside the versatility of AAAs, but we much prefer Petzl's design.

The majority of weight-conscious headlamps combine the LED and battery pack into one unit on the front of the head, but more powerful lights place their battery packs on the back of the strap. This is a bulky system, but it’s often the best option for distributing the weight. Further, to help carry the load, this style typically features an additional strap running right over the top of the head for support and a secure fit. Finally, some headlamps have a detached battery pack that allows you to carry it close to your body to keep it warm in cold temperatures (for more on this, see “Cold-Weather Performance” below).

Black Diamond Spot 400 and Spot-R 400 headlamps
Black Diamond's rechargeable Spot-R 400 and AAA-powered Spot 400 

Stated Battery Life

While we’re on the subject of batteries, let’s dive into a few thoughts on the stated battery life for these headlamps. We have listed the advertised specs from the manufacturers in our write-up, but to set reasonable expectations for yourself, be aware that the battery life listed for the highest lumen setting does not guarantee you’ll be pumping the maximum lumens for that entire time. Unless the light is regulated (like the Petzl Actik Core or Moonlight Bright As Day 800), where you’ll get a near-constant light output before it drops off a cliff when the battery is spent, the numbers can be deceiving. No matter the guise, expect to see your once-impressive light’s max output become a shadow of its former self pretty quickly – often in as little as a couple hours.

Headlamps (trail running at night)
When turned to a brighter setting, your headlamp's battery won't last as long

Headlamp manufacturers are getting much better at reporting these specs, but it still sometimes takes some digging to get the full answer. Look for charts that list the runtime alongside the lumens level, or, if the light is unregulated, check and see if the manufacturer lists the maximum beam distance throughout the lifespan of the batteries. These will give you a better like-for-like comparison.

So how do you maximize your enjoyment of your still-impressive headlamp, outside of just a revolving door of battery changes? A simple tip to get more out of your battery is to only use the amount of light you actually need. Do you really require 400 lumens burning a hole in the side of your backpack as you search for your puffy jacket? Probably not. Dimming the light whenever possible will significantly extend battery life.

Nitecore NU25 headlamp charging on portable power bank
A portable power bank is helpful for recharging in the field


The weight of a headlamp varies from barely noticeable (the 1.2-oz. Petzl Bindi) to downright hefty (the 8.7-oz. Moonlight Bright As Day 800). Typically, the more powerful the headlamp and the more serious its intent, the heavier the lamp. Lightweight headlamps are made with thin plastic casing and require fewer batteries, while heavier options use aluminum or thick plastic to better handle hard impacts. If you don't need the most extreme lighting options, it's a good idea to purchase a lightweight lamp. They're more comfortable to wear, don't inhibit movement, and are easier to squeeze into a pack.

Petzl Iko Core headlamp packed size (in included carrying case)
The Petzl Iko Core has a relatively compact packed size

How the weight is distributed also plays an important role. The Black Diamond Spot 400 and sibling Storm 500-R both carry the batteries at the front, but the 2.7-ounce Spot feels much lighter on the head than the marginally heavier 3.5-ounce Storm. What seems like a minuscule decrease in weight makes a big difference in use: the Spot is comfortable doing just about anything, while the Storm starts to bob up and down if you start running. Putting the battery pack at the back of the strap becomes necessary as the weight continues to climb.

Straps and Carrying Comfort

Tied directly to the weight of the headlamp, strap styles range from minimalist to strong and supportive. There are two primary strap designs: a simple elastic nylon that wraps around the sides of your head and a two-piece system that has an additional strap running over the top of your head. The two-strap style is popular for heavier lamps or more serious adventuring when you’ll be wearing a helmet like rock climbing, mountaineering, or caving. Most folks, however, still choose the simple around-the-sides design. They’re usually helmet-compatible, easy to adjust, and plenty supportive for most uses around the house or in the outdoors.

Headlamp (adjusting strap)
Most headlamps utilize a simple one-strap design

Water Resistance and IP Ratings

For serious outdoor use and extended exposure to the elements, you will want to consider the weather resistance of your headlamp. Some cheap headlamps offer little to no protection—as soon as the rain starts to pour, you’re best off covering up and heading for your tent. But most mid-range and high-end models bump up the protection. The weather worthiness of electronics is tested using the IP ratings scale: On the low end, IPX0 equates to no protection at all, while IPX8 at the high end means the item can sustain prolonged immersion. Our high-performance pick, the Moonlight Bright As Day, gets an impressive IP67 rating, which means that it should continue operating even after being underwater for 30 minutes. The majority of the headlamps on this list are certified to at least IPX4, which should be enough to handle most rain and snow. The bottom line is that if you plan on spending time exposed to the elements, check the IP rating of your headlamp before buying (it’s the right column in our handy comparison table above).

Headlamps at the base of Dome Peak (open bivy)
An IPX4 rating can withstand rain and snow | Photo: Steven Gnam

Cold-Weather Performance

Taking care of your electronics in the cold and keeping them operating can be a challenge (we know this well from taking camera batteries into the backcountry). In terms of headlamps, the first consideration is battery type. Traditional alkaline batteries are the worst of the bunch at working in the cold, so it’s best to step up to lithium or rechargeable NiMH batteries for better performance. In addition, exposure to the cold can contribute to draining any type of battery, but there are ways to mitigate. Some headlamps, like those in the Moonlight Bright As Day collection, are made with a removable battery pack that can be stowed inside a pocket while powering the headlamp. And no matter what model you have, you’ll want to keep your headlamp in a relatively warm place when you’re not using it (we like to pack ours inside of wool socks) and even sleep with it inside your sleeping bag at night.

Headlamp (wearing running vest)
Make sure to take proper precautions in the cold to preserve your headlamp's battery

Running Headlamps

If you’ve ever run at night, you know that a good running headlamp is worth its weight in gold. The best headlamp for running will have a lightweight and streamlined build for minimal bounce and a well-balanced beam that lights up both your immediate surroundings and the path ahead. Many have features like red taillights for visibility on the road and reflective markings on the band. Ironically, our top pick for night joggers (the BioLite 425) isn’t designed specifically for running, but its sleek strap design is by far our favorite for rigorous movement. The Black Diamond Sprinter, on the other hand, is a running-focused design that offers a top strap for better security (the downside is that it’s a hefty 4.9 oz. and not as comfortable as the BioLite). Keep in mind that by opting for such a running-specific light, you do give up some all-around versatility—the Sprinter’s one LED doesn’t switch between distance and proximity modes, making it less useful for around-camp use or spotting far-off anchors while climbing.
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